Tagged: Metabolic alkalosis

trial 4 0

Excessive Nasogastric (NG) drainage and acid base status

Case details A postoperative surgical patient had a nasogastric tube (figure) in for three days.   Figure- Nasogastric tube   The nurse caring for the patient stated that there was much drainage from the tube that is why she felt so sick. What could be the reason? A. Metabolic Acidosis B. Metabolic Alkalosis C. Respiratory Acidosis D. Respiratory Alkalosis E. None of the above. The correct answer is- B-Metabolic alkalosis. Metabolic alkalosis is primary increase in HCO3 − with or without compensatory increase in PCO2; pH may be high or nearly normal. Whenever a hydrogen ion is excreted, a bicarbonate ion is gained into the extracellular...

trial 4 1

Breathing difficulty- What is the acid- base imbalance?

Case details An 80-year-old man had a bad cold. After two weeks he said, “It went in to my chest; I am feeling tightness in my chest, I am coughing, suffocated and unable to breathe!” (Figure) Figure- The gaseous exchange is impaired in pulmonary diseases What could be the possible reason? A. Metabolic Acidosis B. Metabolic Alkalosis C. Respiratory Acidosis D. Respiratory Alkalosis E. None of the above. Answer- C- Respiratory acidosis is the correct answer. Respiratory acidosis is CO2 accumulation (hypercapnia) from a decrease in respiratory rate, respiratory volume (hypoventilation), or both. It can be due to severe pulmonary...

Copy Protected by Chetan's WP-Copyprotect.