Tagged: Glycogenolysis

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Alcohol induced hypoglycemia

Case details A known alcoholic is found lying semiconscious at the bottom of a stairwell with a broken arm by his landlady, who called an ambulance to take him to the emergency room. Initial laboratory studies showed are relatively large anion gap of 34 (normal = 9 to 15). His blood alcohol was elevated at 245 mg/dL (intoxication level = 150 to 300 mg/dL), and his blood glucose was 38 mg/dL (low normal). The patient/s large anion gap and hypoglycemia can best be explained by which of the following? A. Decreased secretion of glucagon B. Increased secretion of insulin C....

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Prolonged fasting and gluconeogenesis…

A 14-year-old high school girl who is extremely conscious about her appearance has gone a full day fasting to fit in to a dress she intentionally brought a size smaller than her actual size for a dance party. Which of the following organs/tissues contribute to the glucose that is being synthesized through gluconeogenesis during periods of prolonged fasting? A. Spleen B. Red blood cells C. Skeletal muscle D. Liver E. Brain D-Liver is the correct answer. Gluconeogenesis is the process of converting noncarbohydrate precursors to glucose or glycogen. The major substrates are the glucogenic amino acids, lactate, glycerol, and propionate....

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Answer to the question- Amino acids in the post absorptive state ..

During a medical rotation, a medical student volunteered for a respiratory physiology exam that determines basal metabolic rate and the respiratory quotient. She followed the protocol for a resting individual in the post absorptive state. Which of the following amino acids would be found in the highest concentration in serum? A. Alanine and Glutamine B. Arginine and Ornithine C. Glutamate and Aspartate D. Branched chain amino acids E. Hydrophobic amino acids Answer- A- Alanine and Glutamine. Post absorptive state is the state of the body 3-5 hours after meals. It is that period of time in the body during which...

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